Freitag, 25. März 2011

Interview with cinéaste Stephen Mitchell

Although born in Los Angeles and raised in a neighborhood of prominent people in Brentwood California, filmmaker Stephen Mitchell left his hometown - with the movie capital of the world, Hollywood - for Paris and his love for French cinema. Since then he has produced, written and directed twelve movies, created more than a thousand televised one-act plays, judged Best Directing in a Comedy Series for the Cable ACE awards and received a first-look deal with Tri-Star Pictures, Inc. for his TV-series “(Interview)”.

Simone Kussatz: As an artist it is the dream of many to live in Paris. Could we begin by talking about the two years (1979-1980) you spent there?

Stephen Mitchell: I intended to go for two weeks and stayed for two years. I wrote, produced and directed my first project “Montmartre” (in French) and a pilot starring Philippe Léotard while I was there. It was an extraordinary time and in the process I was privileged to meet Lino Ventura, Françoise Fabian and André Dussollier among other mainstays of French cinema of the time. I felt as though I'd come home.

Simone Kussatz: Which French films and directors struck your attention most prior to your career as a filmmaker?

Stephen Mitchell: Claude Lelouch frst got my attention with “Un homme et une femme” (1966) and later with “L'aventure, c'est l'aventure” (1972). Jean-Luc Godard's “ À bout de souffle ”(1960) and Jean-Pierre Melville's “Le Samouraï”(1967) were very influential. I still look at these films today and find something new in them every time.

Simone Kussatz: Having worked in France and the United States, what do you think is the biggest difference in American and French filmmaking?

Stephen Mitchell: It may be an unfair observation that is entirely too subjective, but I find that filmmaking in America is an expression of business and marketing and that filmmaking in France is an expression of enthusiasm for the cinema - at least in the circles I traveled.

Simone Kussatz: Aside from French films, you have an appreciation of the old Italian and British films. What is it that makes them aesthetically appealing to you?

Stephen Mitchell: No doubt there is an element of nostalgia involved seeing the cars and scenery of the era but I find myself being entertained by the likes of Alec Guinness, Robert Morley and Alastair Sim with a subtlety and finesse that I don't find with contemporary actors. Marcello Mastroianni had no equal anywhere and America wasn't producing films like Dino Risi’s “Il sorpasso” (1962). I discovered a literary and cinematic richness in these films. Even actors like Broderick Crawford, Anthony Quinn and Richard Basehart seemed different when they appeared in Italian films.

Simone Kussatz: Between 1985-2001 you shot a 500-and-half-hour episode of the TV –series “(Interview)” and lately with French actors and actresses. What was the idea behind it and how were they perceived here in the United States?

Stephen Mitchell: The “(Interview)” series developed a cult following that included the top actors, writers and directors in Hollywood resulting in the sale of many of my original stories to major A-list filmmakers. The people who had been inspiring me with their work were suddenly becoming my fans and seeking me out. It was an amazing experience and brought about a situation where Tri-Star Pictures was paying to see the shows before they aired on local cable. More recently, I began producing the show in French.

Simone Kussatz: At one point you received a phone call from Marlon Brando commenting in French on one of your shows. What is it that he said?

Stephen Mitchell: I did not pick up the phone when it rang letting the answering machine take the call - it was almost midnight. After awhile, I noticed that the machine was still recording the incoming message. So, curious, I turned up the volume to hear what was being said. A man was speaking in fluent French but with an abominable American accent about how many Mexicans were living in Los Angeles. I turned the volume off and ignored the call. When the incoming call continued for several more minutes - the machine was voice - actuated and would continue as long as the caller was speaking, I picked up the phone and began speaking to him in French. "Je suis Marlon Brando et j'ai vu votre interview à la télévision." (I am Marlon Brando and I saw your interview on the television). After we talked for a while, he asked to have a copy of the show.

Simone Kussatz: Can you tell us a bit more about the making of them? You said they were aired at Adelphia studios, but you shot them in another studio?

Stephen Mitchell: Initially I shot the program in Adelphia's Public Access studio but a number of technical and policy limitations pushed me to establish a relationship with a studio in North Hollywood that became a home base not only for “(Interview)” but for all the programming that emanated from the repertory company for film and television that I had founded. We were taping one show or another almost every day of the week for all those years.

Simone Kussatz: You mentioned that you don’t approve of American TV and didn’t understand the popularity of the TV-series “Friends”. Why?

Stephen Mitchell: I watch very little television these days though I am a big fan of “House”. I followed Hugh Laurie and Stephen Fry in “Jeeves and Wooster” and I think the writing and acting on the “House” series are inspired. When a new actor would come into the rep company, I would ask which one was their favorite TV show. The answer was invariably “Friends”. Why, I would ask. Because it's funny, they would answer. I'll bet you that it isn't funny, I would tell them. Next time you watch it, laugh every time you hear a laugh on the soundtrack, then come back and tell me if you still think it's funny. They tried it and, without exception, they returned with a verdict of "not funny". The reason for this is that the laugh track serves as a post-hypnotic suggestion that the program was "funny". The instruction to laugh along with the soundtrack as they watched the show impeded the hypnotic effect - they couldn't zone out and receive the implant, because they were remaining alert to the content.

Simone Kussatz: Are your feelings towards American feature films similar to American TV since your correspondence with American filmmaker John Huston gradually ended when you moved to Paris?

Stephen Mitchell: My correspondence with him began as a spur-of -the-moment impulse. He was - and still is - a favorite of mine. I wrote to him addressing the envelope to "John Huston, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico" and was stunned when he replied. Previously, I had written to Mervyn LeRoy after seeing him on the “Tom Snyder Show" one evening. A few days later, I received a phone call from him. One has to remind oneself that these towering figures are, at their core, enthusiasts and share our love of film and filmmaking.

Simone Kussatz: You owned a film school and developed a new acting technique, in which an actor has to break up a sentence into phrases and inject different emotions into the text. Why do you think that this makes acting more effective?

Stephen Mitchell: The film school and acting technique came about as a way to ensure a quality expansion of the repertory company which was modeled on the old Hollywood studio system. To answer your question, emotions are contagious where words alone are not. The goal of a scene or a film is to provoke an emotional response, whether joy, anger or sadness. For each actor who appeared in one of our films or shows, the goal was to increase his or her following or fan base and that was a function of branding and marketing. Rather than concentrate on the demographics of male/female, education & income, I categorized the constituent audience groups into happy, angry, fearful and sad people. These were the wavelengths that needed to be resonated by each actor's performance and, thus, the technique I authored addressed these issues.

Simone Kussatz: In 2001 your book “How to start a Hollywood Career without having to go there” was published. Why did you think actors would profit from a book like this?

Stephen Mitchell: It was my observation that most of the actors in Hollywood originated from other parts of the world. They arrived in Los Angeles without friends or an infrastructure of any kind to support themselves. The book was intended to show those wanting a career in Hollywood how to begin their promotion and marketing while still in the comfort of their home surroundings. It was also intended to steer them clear of some major pitfalls to which newcomers often fall prey.

Simone Kussatz: Aside from a documentary about the tobacco industry, which you co-produced with Charlie Evans Jr, you are doing documentaries about cars, including a documentary about the Ferrari GTO and the Carrera Panamericana. Both subjects involve some kind of danger. Are these documentaries at all linked to a near-fatal car accident that you experienced?

Stephen Mitchell: I don't know if I have the full answer to this question other than to say that my interest in fast cars in general and Ferraris in particular developed when I was in the hospital recovering from the accident which was a head-on collision on the Ventura Freeway in Los Angeles. Two people who had been drinking heavily found themselves on the wrong side of the road and ran straight into us. I read a lot of copies of “Road & Track” magazine while I was recovering and became passionate about Formula 1 and European road racing in the process.

Simone Kussatz: You’re a contributor to “Sports Car Digest” and “Prancing Horse" magazine. What is your fascination about cars and what was the latest article you’ve written for them?

Stephen Mitchell: I was first attracted to cars by the aesthetics of their design - I was too young to drive them at the time. Later, I was excited by the dynamics of their performance and the sounds of their engines. The articles that have appeared in the publications you mention centered around my experiences with my Ferrari GTO and my encounters with people in the Ferrari world including Enzo Ferrari himself.

Simone Kussatz: Thank you so much for your time…

Stephen Mitchell: Thank you, Simone!

Copyright © Simone Kussatz

Photo: Courtesy of the artist

Montag, 14. März 2011

Artist Chad Glass

I met Sacramento-born storyboard artist and co-owner of ANKA Gallery Chad Glass at one of the Stephen Mitchell's Elysee Wednesday meetings at Caffe Primo at Sunset Plaza. Since I love to play the piano and currently don't have one Chad Glass caught my attention when he showed us drawings of an abandoned piano that he had seen sitting on the corner of a street. Therefore, we started communicating over FACEBOOK through which following conversation came up.

Chad Glass: You seem to like art and artistic things, what is some of your favorite types of artwork? Are you an artist?

Simone Kussatz: I'm a journalist who writes about art. I'm also a creative person. I feel good, if I take pictures and if I do a painting here and there or put things together like in a collage, but I'm not an artist the way we define artists in Germany, which is someone who does this on a professional basis and makes a living from it. But then I'm a writer and I do this on a professional basis and some people consider writers to be artists. My favorite type of art? That's not an easy question. I can tell you what I don't like. I don't like kitch and tacky things. I don't like sexually provocative or aggressive art, exploiting the body. That doesn't mean I don't like nudity, but it needs to be shown in a certain way. I'm someone who appreciates subtleness, depth and art that has some kind of a higher meaning - perhaps a humanitarian element. I like to see emotions and the human condition in general. If it's relevant to world events, I like that too. I don't know... it needs to intrigue me.

Chad Glass: I draw storyboards here in LA and have an art gallery in Portland, Oregon. I co-own it and founded it. I also show my own work there. It is here:

Simone Kussatz: Thank you... I'll look it up. I liked the abandoned piano you had drawn and showed at Stephen Mitchell's Elysee on Wednesdays.

Chad Glass: Thanks. Those drawings mean a lot to me and are highly symbolic.

Simone Kussatz: Can you say a bit more about that? In which way are they symbolic?

Chad Glass: It is death. It is a musical instrument that will never make music again. Its physical body was destroyed and it passed into another form, into a pile of wood several weeks thereafter.

Simone Kussatz: very nice. I can completely relate to that.

Chad Glass: If you've ever seen someone die there is a beauty in it as well as an ugliness. The piano was beautiful in its last days, with its insides exposed, the beautiful craftsmanship, the amazing work and sculptural forms of its mechanisms. But is was at once ugly in its death throes and destruction. The forces destroying it were hostile to it and to life. Life itself is brutal and this physical world is hostile.

Simone Kussatz: I've not watched someone taking his or her last breath, but I've seen my grandfather before the stages of death, and my little brother when he was dead. And the idea of an autopsy after death, cutting one's body open and looking at all the organs, makes me now think about the inside of the piano you drew. An autopsy is a last look at our amazing machine and the mechanism that takes care of us - the brain that sends us all the messages how to move our arms and legs, etc, the heart that pumps the blood to the lungs. And then all of a sudden this machine stops working and withers. It's difficult to find sense in it. Therefore I could not agree more with you about life being brutal and the physical world being hostile, trying to cover up these facts and feelings by bombarding us with superficiality.

Glass Well: Yes the body is a machine, a shell. When it is dying and is then dead the idea of it being only a vessel is very clear. It is unequivocal. Whatever was "in it" is definitely not there anymore.

Simone Kussatz: Thank you for our conversation. Shall the piano be a symbol for all the people who lost their lives during the tsunami. An image of a beach with abandoned pianos comes to my mind... what a quiet and long and sad sound.

Chad Glass: That is a very beautiful and lushly melancholic image. Thank you.

Simone Kussatz: I forwarded my link to my friend and colleague, art critic Peter Frank.. This was his response: "Vielen Dank! I like his drawings, both for subject and for form...."

Chad Glass: Simone, I continue my gratitude and thanks for your article about my drawings. I am grateful for your attention in this matter.

Simone Kussatz: And thank you for creating something that has personal meaning to me... thinking about abandoned pianos, makes me now also think about abandoned people and abandoned talents. I love to see your drawing also as an image of an abandoned soul... and in that also lies beauty and ugliness..

Chad Glass: Excellent, it is all of that.

Dienstag, 1. Februar 2011

Interview with Indian photographer Manjari Sharma

Interview with Manjari Sharma conducted over the phone: Los Angeles - Mumbai

The New York city based photographer Manjari Sharma is one of the artists that is currently represented at Kopeikin Gallery in Culver City along with American photographer Steve Fitch. Born in Mumbai, the 31-year-old Sharma just returned from Santander in Spain, where she was invited to coordinate the photo entries for Espacio Nudage - a multi disciplined event, dedicated to emerging talent in design. Trained in India and the US, Sharma’s work has been published in numerous international and national magazines and newspapers, including the Times of India, Geo magazine and PDN (Photo District News). Her work has also been used on a Pinguin book cover. In addition she helped to research a National Geographic Project based in India, was a guest at India’s CNBC, and a 2009 winner of the Strand photo contest in New York.

Simone Kussatz: In both of your series, “Shower” and “Water”, of which some of your works are currently exhibited at Kopeikin Gallery water plays a key role. Can you tell us more about that?

Manjari Sharma: Both those projects were photographed six months apart. Both were not planned, but it was hindsight that made me do them. As far as the Shower series is concerned, to begin with, it's very rare that one has a window in a bathroom in New York City. So at first, it was a formal and visual thing as I saw this light coming through and felt fascinated what it did to my marble walls in the bathroom. The water falling down on my subjects is what transformed this project.

In Indian culture the water of the Ganges River has a great significance. The holy water as it is said, washes away your sins. The project was about inviting people to come into my shower but interestingly as people showered it almost felt as if it were a confessional. As soon as the water hit their faces and bodies, they started to relax and would often discuss intimate things like relationships with their parents, love lives and moments of their childhood, or life lessons that you wouldn't share at a bar or another public place. In a strange unplanned way the water series in a way was a macro look at the relationship of people with the water and the shower series was a micro look at the same.

Kussatz: Did you tell your subjects in which pose to get?

Sharma: Sometimes it was a natural capture and sometimes I had them do over a pose I just noticed they naturally have.

Kussatz: In your shower series you have people of different ethnicities? Was there any particular purpose for that?

Sharma: I’ve always felt very drawn to multicultural people. Once the project became clear to me, I wanted to capture that personal relationship between people and water and to showcase that to people from all over the world, so that they can relate to that.

Kussatz: Your “Water” series was made on the beaches in Rio de Janeiro. They were shot from this great angle. Were you in a helicopter or standing on top of a mountain?

Sharma: No, I was shooting them from the 17th floor of a hotel room looking at a private beach. And then there were these men standing in a very isolating position. I can’t swim and felt intrigued by looking at people feeling so comfortable in water.

Kussatz: So they actually didn’t know you were shooting them?

Sharma: No, they had no idea. But you can’t see their faces. It’s more about the form from a distance.

Kussatz: I like the pastel colors. Can you say more about that?

Sharma: I've changed the color palette with Photoshop. I wanted them to have a simpler palette so as to not let the details distract the viewer from the concept.

Kussatz: Did you have a particular reason to shoot in Brazil?

Sharma: No. I was just traveling. I was a bride’s maid at my friend’s wedding. As an artist you have to be prepared to make your art wherever you are. And when the moment strikes you want to be ready to use your tool.

Kussatz: I truly enjoyed your work and also found some beautiful images in your portfolio. I think it’s important to put light on emerging artists. I was wondering who influenced you artistically?

Manjari: I was influenced by a variety of artists. If you look at art your whole life you don’t know what kicked in. But I would say mostly by Irving Penn, but also by Greg Miller. I was his assistant for one year. He’s really great at the relationship with his subjects.

Kussatz: Thank you very much for our conversation. I look forward to meeting you in person for the closing reception at Kopeikin Gallery on February 12th.

Published in Whitehotmagazine February 2011.

Copyright (c) Simone Kussatz

Photos: Courtesy of the artist

Dienstag, 25. Januar 2011

Interview with American sculptor Brad Howe

Appeared in Luxury Life Magazine on January 12, 2011 (Pg. 98/100-103)

Iannis Xenakis: Composer, Architect, Visionary at MOCA (Museum of Contemporary Art) Pacific Design Center

According to the Oxford dictionary "A genius is a person who is exceptionally intelligent or creative, either generally or in some particular respect." Viewing the compelling compositional, mathematical and architectural sketches of the Greek composer, Iannis Xenakis (1922-2001) at MOCA Pacific Design Center, we are not solely exposed to beautiful artifacts, but excerpts from the creative processes of a genius mind.

However, some might ponder why the works of a composer would be exhibited in museums such as the Drawing Center in New York, the Canadian Centre for Architecture in Montréal and now at MOCA Pacific Design Center in Los Angeles rather than in symphony halls? Or why, instead of looking at sketches, there wouldn't be more outdoor performances such as last year's performance of "Persepolis" in the Los Angeles State Historical Park?

For one thing there has always been a strong link between the visual arts and music. Russian painter, Wassily Kandinsky, who was himself an accomplished musician, used color in a highly theoretical way associating tone with timbre, hue with pitch and saturation with the volume of sound. The German writer, Wolfgang von Goethe, once described architecture as frozen music. And Xenakis who used the aural curved surfaces of his first major composition "Metastaseis" as an inspiration for the curved walls of the Philips Pavilion, could have not embodied Goethe's metaphor more literally.

Furthermore, music notation has mostly been hand-rendered, like calligraphy. In Western tradition, there are the five lines of the staff, which look like a grid, with dots representing pitches (high and low) and other configurations symbolizing durations. This per se can be visually beautiful. However, what makes Xenakis' sketches unique is that he was not drawing sound in the common manner, but was working through strategies to apply physics and mathematics as a way to organize sound, using set theory, group and game theory, probability theory, in particular stochastic processes, which he then graphically plotted out. His multi-media works presented on paper often contain tiny handwritten notes in various languages - Greek, French and English - and different ink-colors.

The exhibit at MOCA Pacific Design Center, curated by Sharon Kanach and Carey Lovelace, is compromised of two parts. On the ground floor, the exhibit's narrative begins with the early years of Xenakis, including a family photograph of him with his two brothers and uncle in 1933, Xenakis as a Greek resistance fighter in 1944, a picture of Xenakis at Le Corbusier's studio in Paris, photographs and studies of the Philips Pavilion and the Dominican Monastery of Sainte Marie de la Tourette, a typewritten letter by Le Corbusier to Xenakis stating that Xenakis's services were no longer needed, after the two had a dispute when Le Corbusier neglected to mention Xenakis' assistance in the Philips Pavilion. There are also studies for his first compositions "Metastaseis" and "Pithoprakta".

On the second level the exhibit continues with the hand-drawn double-vector matrix for "Achorripsis", which Xenakis used to illustrate a lecture in 1964 as a Ford Fellow in Berlin. It also features studies for "Terretektorh", "Erikhthon" and "Cendrées", including pages of orchestral scores, a DVD of drawings and calculations for "Pithoprakta" with a musical performance by the Orchestre Philharmonique du Luxembourg conducted by Arturo Tamayo. On top there is a virtual presentation of "Poème Électronique", provided by the Virtual Reality & Multi-Media Park in Torino, Italy. One can also see a film with Xenakis working on "Polytope de Cluny" and a video from the collection of the Herb Alpert School of music showing a lecture about music with Xenakis at Mills College. Furthermore, there are studies and photographs of "Polytope de Mycènes", "Polytope de Cluny", "Polytope de Persepolis," and "Polytope de Montréal", as well as various programs for the different events. The exhibit concludes with some of Xenakis unrealized projects, such as his studies for "Cosmic city", "the Reynolds House" and "Cité de la Musique."

Along with the exhibit comes a catalogue (written by Ivan Hewett, Carey Lovelace, Sharon Kanach) with a moving memoir by Mâkhi Xenakis, describing the days with her father in Corsica. Therefore, the exhibit does not only portray Xenakis as the remarkable artist, but also the remarkable human being, who fought against the Nazis and the British and survived many hardships, including the death of his mother at age five, imprisonment, severe physical injury, a life in exile and rejection by the Parisian musical elite - Nadia Boulanger, Darius Milhaud and Arthur Honegger. Yet, he never stopped immersing himself into interdisciplinary studies, from Plato to archaeology, to find his own answers. The exhibit and catalogue also focus on the two people who tremendously impacted Xenakis' career - Swiss architect Le Corbusier and French composer Oliver Messiaen, who told him "You are almost thirty. You have the fortune of being Greek, an architect, and of having studied special mathematics. Take advantage of those things. Do them in your music."

In that sense the exhibit succeeds in getting to the essence of the person Iannis Xenakis, someone who was a lateral thinker, someone who was always "thinking outside the box."

Copyright ©Simone Kussatz
Photos: Courtesy of MOCA Pacific Design Center
Published in Whitehotmagazine January 2011